Forensic anthropologist Erin Kimmerle investigates of the notorious Dozier Boys School—the true story behind the Pulitzer Prize–winning novel The Nickel Boys—and the contentious process to exhume the graves of the boys buried there in order to reunite them with their families.
The Arthur G. Dozier Boys School was a well-guarded secret in Florida for over a century, until reports of cruelty, abuse, and “mysterious” deaths shut the institution down in 2011. Established in 1900, the juvenile reform school accepted children as young as six years of age for crimes as harmless as truancy or trespassing. The boys sent there, many of whom were Black, were subject to brutal abuse, routinely hired out to local farmers by the school’s management as indentured labor, and died either at the school or attempting to escape its brutal conditions.
In the wake of the school’s shutdown, Erin Kimmerle, a leading forensic anthropologist, stepped in to locate the school’s graveyard to determine the number of graves and who was buried there, thus beginning the process of reuniting the boys with their families through forensic and DNA testing. The school’s poorly kept accounting suggested some thirty-one boys were buried in unmarked graves in a remote field on the school’s property. The real number was at least twice that. Kimmerle’s work did not go unnoticed; residents and local law enforcement threatened and harassed her team in their eagerness to control the truth she was uncovering—one she continues to investigate to this day.
We Carry Their Bones is a detailed account of Jim Crow America and an indictment of the reform school system as we know it. It’s also a fascinating dive into the science of forensic anthropology and an important retelling of the extraordinary efforts taken to bring these lost children home to their families—an endeavor that created a political firestorm and a dramatic reckoning with racism and shame in the legacy of America.
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About the Author
Table of Contents
Author's Note xi
Chapter 1 Opening the Earth 1
Chapter 2 New Light 13
Chapter 3 Graveyard 29
Chapter 4 The Battle of Boot Hill 46
Chapter 5 "Satan has his Seat" 62
Chapter 6 A Meeting with the Chief 83
Chapter 7 "Hell on Earth" 95
Chapter 8 "We Can't Forget … What Happened in Jackson County" 117
Chapter 9 "Oftentimes, History Doesn't Include the Good Parts" 128
Chapter 10 "Thank You All for Your Good Work" 133
Chapter 11 Reconstruction 153
Chapter 12 Identification 167
Chapter 13 "It's Not Even Past" 178
Chapter 14 "Where is He?" 184
Chapter 15 "The Unimaginable Happened at Dozier" 191
Chapter 16 "You Have the Truth on Your Side" 197
Chapter 17 What Remains 212